esProc Helps Process Heterogeneous Data Sources in Java – Excel

Generally, Java programmers use poi or other open source packages to read and compute Excel data. These open source packages support low-level programming, which increases the overall learning cost and complicates the operation. But with the help of esProc, Java can avoid these problems.

An example will make the point clearly understood. Read the information of sales orders from the Excel file orders.xls and select sales orders that placed on and after January 1st, 2010 and in which SELLERID is equal to 18. The content of orders.xls is shown as follows:

1 UJRNP 17 392 2008/11/2 15:28
2 SJCH 6 4802 2008/11/9 15:28
3 UJRNP 16 13500 2008/11/5 15:28
4 PWQ 9 26100 2008/11/8 15:28
5 PWQ 11 4410 2008/11/12 15:28
6 HANAR 18 6174 2008/11/7 15:28
7 EGU 2 17800 2008/11/6 15:28
8 VILJX 7 2156 2008/11/9 15:28
9 JAYB 14 17400 2008/11/12 15:28
10 JAXE 19 19200 2008/11/12 15:28
11 SJCH 7 13700 2008/11/10 15:28

Implementation approach: Call esProc script using Java program, read and compute the data in the Excel file, and then return the result in the form of ResultSet to Java program. Since esProc supports analyzing and evaluating expressions dynamically, it will enable Java to process data as flexibly as SQL does.

First, programmers can take the criteria “sales orders that placed on and after January 1st, 2010 and in which SELLERID is equal to 18” as the parameter where and pass it to esProc program. This is shown as follows:


where is a string, its value is ORDERDATE>=date(2010,1,1) && SELLERID==18。

The code for esProc program is:


A1:Define a file object and import the Excel data into it. esProc’s IDE can display the imported data visually, as shown in the right part of the above figure. Importxls function can access xlsx files too and can automatically identify the version of Excel according to the filename extension.

A2:Perform the filtering according to the criteria, using macro to realize parsing the expression dynamically. The “where” in this process is an input parameter. In executing, esProc will first compute the expression surrounded by ${…}, take the computed result as macro string value, replace ${…} with it and then interpret and execute the code. The final code to be executed in this example>=date(2010,1,1) && SELLERID==18).

A3:Return the eligible result set to Java. If the result needs to be written to another Excel file, just modify the code in cell A3 to =file(“D:/file/orders_result.xls”).exportxls@t(A2). If the criteria are changed, you just need to modify “where”– the parameter. For example, it is required to select sales orders that placed on and after January 1st, 2010 and in which SELLERID is equal to 18, or Client is equal to PWQ. The value of “where” can be written as CLIENT==”PWQ”||ORDERDATE>=date(2010,1,1) && SELLERID==18. After the code is executed, the result set in A2 is as follows:


Call this piece of code in Java with esProc JDBC and get the result. Detailed code is as follows (save the above program in esProc as test.dfx):

// create a connection using esProc jdbc
con= DriverManager.getConnection(“jdbc:esproc:local://”);
// call the program in esProc (the stored procedure);
test is the name of file dfx com.esproc.jdbc.InternalCStatementst =(com.esproc.jdbc.InternalCStatement)con.prepareCall(“call test(?)”);
// set parameters st.setObject(1,”ORDERDATE>=date(2010,1,1) && SELLERID==18 || CLIENT==\”PWQ\””);
// execute the esProc stored procedure ResultSet set =st.executeQuery();


About datathinker

a technical consultant on Database performance optimization, Database storage expansion, Off-database computation. personal blog at: datakeywrod, website: raqsoft
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